Microphone Basics: Everything You Need To Know About Condenser Microphones

Microphone Basics: Everything You Need To Know About Condenser Microphones

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When looking for a mic, you must hear about condenser microphones, one of the most common types in the market. However, what is a condenser mic? What are its pros and cons? Having some basic knowledge of condenser mics will definitely help you make a wise choice. Now let's get started and take a look!


What is a condenser microphone?

Condenser mics are microphones that use an electronic capacitor to convert sound waves into audio signals, operating by the movement of a conductive diaphragm against a charged capacitor capsule and electrostatic principles.


Types of condenser microphones

  • Small-diaphragm condenser mic

Small-diaphragm mics offer a solid and wide-frequency transient response and excel at reproducing sound evenly. If you are recording string instruments, go for a small-diaphragm condenser mic.

  • Large-diaphragm condenser mic

Large-diaphragm mics feature low frequencies that deliver warm and full sounds and are often lower in noise, which makes them perfect for vocal and instrument recordings where a deeper sound is desired.



  • Deliver crisp, clear, and detailed sounds
  • Capable of capturing high-frequency sounds
  • Small and compact in design
  • More responsive to lower and mid-range frequency
  • Flat frequency response and extended frequency ranges



  • More delicate
  • More expensive
  • Require external power source (phantom power or internal battery)
  • A limit to the lower maximum sound pressure levels



Condenser mics are commonly used for:

  • Studio recordings
  • High-frequency instruments
  • Vocals


Great Condenser Mics



To sum up, condenser microphones usually have better sound quality compared with dynamic microphones and are more suitable for acoustic instruments and vocals recording. However, they're usually more expensive than dynamic microphones. Make sure to buy the right microphone based on your own needs!


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