Day 4

Day 4

On our fourth day in Athens, we plan to visit the temple of Hephaestus, the Roman market

and the library of Hadrian.


Hephaestus temple is located at the top of the mountain of agorios kolonos. It is dedicated to

Hephaestus, one of the twelve main gods of Olympus in Greece. He was the son of Zeus

and Hera, though ugly, married Aphrodite, the beautiful God of love


In ancient Greek mythology and legend, although he had a disability in his feet, he was a

skilled craftsman who forged the chariot of the sun god, Pandora's box, Cupid's golden

arrow, Zeus's shield, and even Achilles' armor In Roman mythology, he is called Vulcan. The

word "Volcano" in English comes from his Roman name.


Theseus's achievements are depicted by four panels in the East on both sides of the north

and the south.


A large number of blacksmiths and handicraft workshops were gathered around the temple. I

don't know if they were really protected by gods. The temple survived several invasions by

foreign enemies until it was converted into a church by the Byzantine Empire in the 7th

century A.D.


In 1834, King Otto ordered it to be converted into a museum, which was only protected as a

historical site in 1934.


Compared with the colonnade of ataroth just seen, the temple is still more tasteful.


Watching the temple, you will have to lament the wonderful architectural art of the ancient

Greeks. The temple is 31.8m long and 13.7m wide. It is a Doric six column building with six

Doric columns on the front and 13 Doric columns on the side. On the lintel structure, only 18

of the 68 inter column sidings separated by Sanlong board have relief (presumably because

they have no money), and 10 of the East ones depict 10 of Herakles's 12 miserable works.


After visiting the Roman market, the library of Hadrian is not far away.


Hadrian library is a product of the Roman Empire, located in the Roman market. Hadrian was

one of the most famous emperors in ancient Rome. He was fond of traveling and left many

historical sites. Athens alone had two.


From the structural drawing of the library, you can imagine the grand scale of that year and

the various parchments piled inside


This is the only site left now. There is a large open space and foundation in it


The empty space around the library is littered with ruins and broken walls of ancient Roman



The opening time is very short every day. It is said that the night view of Hadrian library is

very beautiful. I would like to use my GM10s to record the legendary beauty, but due to the

time, we had to leave early.


From the Hadrian library, a walk to the Hadrian arch.


Hadrian's arch, the Roman triumphal arch, was built by Emperor Hadrian in 131 A.D. At that

time, the building arch divided the city into new and old areas. To the East is the new urban

area expanded by Emperor Hadrian, and to the west is the ancient urban area.


A little further inside the Hadrian arch is the entrance to the temple of Zeus in Olympia.


The temple of Zeus Olympia is located in the village of Olympia in Athens, Greece. It was

built for the sacrifice of Zeus. It is also one of the largest temples in ancient Greece. The

temple of Zeus was built in 470 BC and completed in 456 BC. It was designed by libon, the

architect, and the statue of Zeus was in the charge of Phidias, the sculptor.


It was not until 86 BC that the Roman commander sulla captured Athens, destroyed the

unfinished buildings, demolished some stone pillars and other building materials, and

transported them to Rome. To this day, they can be seen on the ruins of the ancient Roman

square in the center of Rome. Zeus temple is famous for its ivory and gold statues.


The temple of Zeus was built in the style of Ionian, and later changed to Corinthian style, and

marble was used. The whole building is located on a 205 meter long and 130 meter wide

foundation. The temple itself is 107.75 meters long and 41 meters wide, with 104 Corinthian

columns. Each stone column is up to 17.25 meters high, with a diameter of 1.3 meters at the

top, and about 15500 tons of marble.


Like many ancient Greek temples, the temple of Zeus suffered serious damage, with only 13

of 104 pillars remaining. The temple of Zeus and Hadrian arch are separated by roads. The

temple of Zeus is located in the south of the road, while Hadrian arch is located in the north

of the road.


These two buildings were built by Hadrian, the king of the Roman Empire more

than 1900 years ago. We can no longer see the original form of the temple of Zeus and

Hadrian arch. We can only recall the glory of that time through the ruins

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