What is the Main Difference Between Dynamic and Condenser Microphones?

What is the Main Difference Between Dynamic and Condenser Microphones?

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Dynamic microphone is one of the major microphone types. It is a kind of microphone in which the sound waves cause a movable wire or coil to vibrate in a magnetic field and thus induce a current. Dynamic microphones are widely used for Live performance, podcasting, vocal recording, streaming, etc.

There are two main types of dynamic mic: moving coil mics and ribbon mics. Moving coil mics are the most popular and commonly used type of dynamic mic. They are sturdy, and don’t require a power source to work. Maono PD400X is an example of moving coile mics. Ribbon mics are much more delicate and have to be handled very carefully. They are able to record natural sound of instruments.

The price of moving coil mics ranges from 20 USD to 1000 USD. In comparison, the price of ribbon mics are far more expensive. Most of them are 1000 USD or up.

The sensitivity of dynamic microphones, the measure of the microphone's ability for converting acoustic pressure into an electric voltage, generally ranges from -50dB-70dB. Thus it requires 50dB-70dB gain offered by audio card or podcast studio when you are using a dynamic microphone. Otherwise, you won't be able to record with a proper audio signal output level.

1. Dynamic Microphones Q&A

There are some frequently asked questions about dynamic microphones. We list answers below for your reference, hopefully, they will help you to figure out some of your doubts.

Q1: What is the main difference between dynamic and condenser microphones?

Answer: Dynamic microphones and condenser microphones convert sounds differently. Condenser microphones make use of a capacitor to transform sound waves into electric signals. They are widely used for podcasting, recording, gaming, streaming, film production, etc. Dynamic microphones make use of an electromagnetic field to produce an electric signal. When sound shakes the diaphragm, the coil vibrates and also generates an electric signal.

The features of dynamic microphones are that they are robust, require no power supply, less sensitive. Dynamic microphones don't need a power supply to work while condenser microphones require power supply, phantom power or bias power supply. Phantom power is a direct current sent down a microphone cable in order to activate active electronic circuitry. This current is used to apply a charge to a small metal plate which will make the diaphragm move, making the microphone move.

Q2: What is a dynamic mic good for?

Answer: Dynamic microphones are regularly utilized on Live stages, events, and voice applications like podcasting. The robust design of dynamic microphones made them durable and last longer. Dynamic microphones are ideal for vocal applications for their low-sensitivity. A dynamic microphone with cardioid polar pattern is great for audio recording in loud places like Live stage, outdoor performance, etc. Streaming with a dynamic microphone can also be a good choice if you find the mouse, keyboard clicking noises annoying. What's more, using a dynamic microphone for podcasting helps you to record natural and smooth voice.

Q3: Do dynamic mics need power?

Answer: No, dynamic microphones doesn't need phantom power because they generally don't contain active circuitry. While applying phantom power to a dynamic microphone will not cause any damage to the equipment. However, you will get a little bit more output noise.

Q4. Dynamic microphone vs condenser, is a dynamic mic better for vocals?

Both condenser microphones and dynamic microphones can produce quality audio and be used for voice applications. For example, one of Maono’s condenser microphones, Maono PM500 XLR Condenser Microphone, is capable of recording high-quality voice audio.

However, since dynamic microphones are less sensitive than condenser microphones, recording with a dynamic microphone means more focus on voices while rejected noises. In this way, maybe it is partially true that a dynamic mic is better for vocals.

2. Maono PD400X Dynamic XLR/USB Microphone

Maono PD400X is a great dynamic microphone for podcasting and streaming. As Maono’s best dynamic microphone, the PD400X has won many good comments from users.


To deliver a ultimate recording experience to users, Maono packed its latest and greatest innovation on hardware as well as software to Maono PD400X Cardioid Dynamic Microphone. Maono PD400X’s dual connectivities design offers great conveniences to creators who want to use it both on a PC/Mac or on traditional audio mixer/interface. Also it saves the initial investments in gears for vloggers, streamers, and podcasters who need flexible setups. The microphone fits 3/8-inch and 5/8-inch threaded podcasting setups, which means the microphone will suit almost all of the setups of podcasters, gamers or other content creators.

As a dynamic microphone with tight cardioid polar pattern, Maono PD400 podcaster mic focuses on your voice while rejecting noises of loud hums of computer, air conditioner, and other ambient nonsense.The clear raw audio Maono PD400 records will save them a lot of time of post-editing.

There is a 3-in-1 knob offering mic gain, headphone volume, monitor mix control functions. Tap-to-mute features is applied to Maono 400X, which means by tapping the knob, you can easily will mute microphone. The companion software Maono Link adds more capacity to Maono PD400X, allowing you to fine tune your vocal easily and show fantastic custom recording to audience. There are many advanced features to fully unlock the hardware potential of Maono PD400X. Such as EQ options, limiter, and compressor to satisfy a specific need.

To find out more details about the Maono Link Software, you can read our previous blog about it, Maono Link Brings Advanced Audio Processing Features to PD400X.